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Vist for another Out look on What it means to be a Citizen of the World

As your walking down the street, you can’t seem to notice that life didn’t always used to be this way. It’s not like the streets just magically appeared with their paved floors, and buildings just showed up out of nowhere. Also it’s tough picturing a world where there was still no laws, or system of control.11 So on, it’s hard to visualize a world where there weren’t even roads yet, or even a vehicle to take you from place to place. Technology has come a long way in the world, thus civilization. So sometimes it’s hard to comprehend that life wasn’t always like our modern world today. Many of the things we have today we owe to past civilizations, like in Mesopotamia. Most like the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. The civilizations of Mesopotamia contributed greatly to today’s science, art, literary, and the morality of people.

Mesopotamia was home to one of the first civilizations due to the Fertile Crescents. The Fertile Crescents provided people with rich soils and golden wheat fields, which attracted many nomadic herders. As a result, the region became a crossroad where people and ideas met and mingled. Each new group that arrived made its own contributions to the history of the region, moreover our world today. Mesopotamia, which means “between the rivers” in Greek, due to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers which define Mesopotamia, attracted many Stone Age farmers who in time made one of the first cities. Moreover, the people of Mesopotamia were one of the firsts to build irrigation systems, which carried water to their fields and held back flooding throughout different times in the years. The people responsible for these amazing achievements in history were due to the Sumerians which were the first civilization in Mesopotamia.

The Sumerians were the biggest group of people in Southern Mesopotamia; they developed their villages into city-states. They were very successful! The Sumerians wealth increased, they invented the world’s first form of writing, Cuneiform. Cuneiform is made up of hundreds of signs on dried clay tablets. This was the start of education. Soon Cuneiform was being taught in all tablet houses (which is schools); however only a select few of boys could get an education. In the tablet houses they were taught, reading, writing and arithmetic. The students had harsh discipline! If they made a mistake there would be a severe beating. Once the students were done with school, they became an official scribe. In addition the Sumerians were the ones to build the first major building structure, known as the Ziggurat. The Ziggurat, a building with many platforms was a temple-tower. Thus, the ziggurat housed each city-state’s patron god or goddess, and only priests were permitted inside. Besides the Ziggurat, the Sumerians made an immense impact on technology. For example the wheel, a calendar, water clock, sailboat, and also the plow! Without all of the development the Sumerians accomplished, our technology would not be where it is at now!

image002Another big part of Mesopotamia is the Babylonians! Although they did not invent anything as the Sumerians did, they played an important role in Mesopotamia. Babylonians were very smart and kept everything running smoothly, for instance governing agriculture and everyday tasks such as farming. The Babylonian king Hammurabi for example, made lasting contributions to today; with his publication of a remarkable set of laws known as the Code of Hammurabi. The Code of Hammurabi was a stone pillar with nearly 300 laws carved on it, for everyone to see. Hammurabi not only set laws but, improved irrigation, organized a well-trained army, and had temples repaired.

Yet like the Sumerians and Babylonians, they weren’t the only Mesopotamian civilization to contribute so much to our modern world. The Assyrians were also one of Mesopotamians great civilizations who lived on the upper Tigris. The Assyrians conquered the Babylonians along with many others. They invented a policy and forced the people they conquered to migrate in large numbers to other areas of the empire. By conquering many different people it made Mesopotamia extremely diverse, so now there were different religions and languages. In many ways that made problems arise; however it taught Mesopotamia how to grow as one! Additionally, the Assyrians learned to forge iron weapons and were feared warriors. The Assyrian rulers were the first rulers to develop extensive laws regulating life within the royal household. Also Nineveh, an Assyrian ruler founded one of the first libraries, which was full of tablets from all over the Middle East.

The technological contributions affecting the modern world from our ancient ancestors in Mesopotamia are numerous. The vast accomplishment of ancient Mesopotamia, are the reason Mesopotamia is often referred to as the “cradle of civilization.” Thus the inventions of Mesopotamia not only improved the daily life of people but, encouraged people to find new ways to make our lives easier and more enjoyable; thus driving people to develop new technology, for the future.

BY:Ashley F,Camilla F,Allyssa K. Debbie. B.