By: Debbie B.    and Ashley F.

The world in which we been granted life on, has always been a great mystery to us. No matter in which part of the world we lived on, it has been an immense obscurity throughout history, in what records show. If the world were given to us, without any religion for us to have at least faith on, there would be no world. The human race as their societies through out time, were all built strictly on religion or beliefs. Therefore, without any religion there would be chaos, anarchy, and to my assumption many murders, as so forth the extermination of human race. The world needs religion, to set rules and boundaries, as well as a sense of clarification and security of the world in which people live on; that is were religion comes in with faith. So for ancient societies like Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China, religion was a main factor in the rise of these societies.

The Egyptians appealed to the divine forces, that they believed ruled this world and afterlife. So forth the people of an Egyptian society looked up to the pharaohs and priests, because they were supposedly the ones that talked to the gods. So when people looked for guidance or aid, they turned to the ones who were the closest to the gods. There gods and goddesses assisted them by helping them comprehend their fear of death, love, and jealousy. Furthermore, the Egyptians relied on people a lot, long even after they were dead. Egyptians would do mummification to the people that died, and bury them with everything they would need for the afterlife. So forth that is why the dead relied on the help of other Egyptians as well. The Egyptians worshipped the gods so considerably, that they even built pyramids and temples for them; as well as for the pharaohs, since they were seen as gods themselves. Moving along, to the society between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, in the rise of their civilization due to passed practices and ideas of religion.

In Mesopotamia, as religion gave rise to their civilization and changed through out the way, most people there were polytheistic, worshiping many gods. The people in Mesopotamia like the Sumerians; believed that the gods controlled every aspect of life, especially the forces of nature. They believed the gods favored truth and justice, but still were also responsible for violence and suffering. As a result, the Sumerians may have developed a pessimistic view of the world. Moreover in Mesopotamia, the Persians were introduced to a new religion by Zoroaster. Who rejected the old gods, and instead taught that a single wise god ruled the world. In this religion the Persians had to choose between good or evil. So forth if a Persian chose evil, he/she would be condemned to eternal suffering. The rest of the Persians would individually be judged for their actions, if to enter paradise (heaven). Moving on to the last society, the Chinese society is one of the most complex religions in which a civilization gave rise.

  In China, the Chinese had developed complex religious beliefs, many of which continued to be practiced for thousands of years. They prayed to many gods and nature spirits, and so people looked up to kings because they were between the people and the gods. The Chinese believed the gods would not respond to the pleas of mere mortals. Only the spirits of the greatest mortals, such as the ancestor of the king, could get the ear of the gods. The Chinese believed the universe reflected a delicate balance between two forces, ying and yang. So forth that is how for ancient societies like Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China, religion was a main factor in the rise of these societies.